How to Study for USMLE Step 2: Study Plan + Best Resources

Studying for Step 2 CK: Tips from 260+ Scorers


Posted in: USMLE & COMLEX

When most medical school students (myself included) embarked on the journey of Step 2 CK, we had completed our third year and stood at the threshold of our fourth year in medical school. 

Having conquered the core clerkships, I found it such a relief not to have to lock myself away for half a year of study.

Unlike its predecessor, Step 1, this exam takes a practical turn, steering clear of in-depth mechanisms and delving into the realm of clinical application. It’s less about why things happen and more about how you’d handle them in a real-life medical scenario. 

The good news? A month of dedicated preparation is often enough time for studying. In fact, for many, Step 2 proves to be the redemption exam – a chance to shine brighter after the formidable Step 1. Let’s explore how to navigate this pivotal milestone in your medical education.

Our USMLE tutoring students increase their Step 2 scores by 35 points on average. Make your study time worthwhile — hire a MedSchoolCoach tutor.

1. Pick an Exam Date

I’ve found the best time to schedule your Step 2 CK exam is typically within 6 months of completing core clinical rotations. However, your unique circumstances, including the overlap with Step 1, and your need for rest, play a significant role in your decision-making process.

Here are 5 key considerations I advise keeping in mind when picking an exam date:

  • Plan well in advance: Scheduling your Step 2 CK exam well ahead of time provides you with a clear target to work towards. Try to take the Step 2 CK exam within 6 months of completing your core clinical rotations. The knowledge and practical experiences gained during these rotations are highly relevant to the exam. 
  • Be realistic: Before selecting a date, assess how much time you realistically need to prepare for the exam. Take into account your current commitments, such as being in school full-time, working, or personal responsibilities, then schedule accordingly.
  • Consider overlap with Step 1: If your medical school’s schedule aligns Step 1 and Step 2, consider taking these exams within a few months of each other. There is significant topic overlap, which can make your preparation more efficient.
  • Combat burnout: I remember well the mental demands of clerkship years. To prevent burnout, allow time for rest and recovery, especially during lighter rotations. Well-rested minds are more adept at absorbing knowledge, ensuring effective exam preparation.
  • Follow average study hours: On average, medical students spend between 150-600 hours preparing for each USMLE step. Use these figures as a baseline, but adjust your time commitment based on your prior knowledge and study habits.

2. Choose the Right Study Resources

When it comes to choosing the right study resources for the Step 2 exam, it can be a bit overwhelming with the multitude of options available. However, I’ve learned that there are some key strategies that can make this process more manageable.

Main Resources

First and foremost, I want to emphasize the importance of a solid question bank as the primary resource. 

For me, UWorld Step 2 CK Qbank is the absolute must-have.

UWorld provides a comprehensive Qbank that mirrors the real exam, helping you get accustomed to the question format and test your knowledge. The explanations are invaluable for learning from your mistakes and reinforcing concepts. 

Utilizing practice questions as your main resource is like practicing for the big game – it gets you in the right mindset and prepares you for what’s to come.

Now, while UWorld is undoubtedly the star of the show, it’s also essential to strike a balance. Don’t go overboard with resources. Selecting 2-3 high-yield resources in total is a smart strategy. 

Beyond UWorld, consider other high-quality question banks or resources that align with your learning style. This approach prevents feeling overwhelmed and allows you to delve deep into these resources to truly grasp the material.

Supplementary Resources

In addition to the primary question bank, there are some supplementary resources that can enhance your Step 2 CK preparation. 

The option I most recommend is MedSchoolCoach USMLE Step 2 CK Tutoring, which provides expert guidance and personalized support. Having a tutor can be particularly beneficial if you’re struggling in specific areas or need a structured study plan.

Flashcards can be a valuable tool, too. Anki, for instance, allows you to create and use flashcards to reinforce your memory of key concepts. AMBOSS is another resource that offers comprehensive topic reviews, making it a great complement to your primary question bank.

Another important resource for credible Step 2 content outline and official practice materials is the official USMLE website. 

Resource Management

One common mistake to avoid is over-resourcing. Trying to use every available resource can lead to burnout and decreased effectiveness. It’s better to focus on a select few resources that align with your study style and needs. Quality over quantity is the key here.

Concept Understanding

Lastly, remember that Step 2 is all about understanding the concepts you’ve learned and showing that you can use them in actual clinical practice. 

Instead of rushing through questions and materials, take the time to grasp the underlying principles. It’s not just about getting through the content or memorizing information; it’s about truly learning and retaining the knowledge you’ll use to treat patients. 

Step 2 CK prep is not just about testing your memory but is about testing your ability to apply your medical knowledge effectively.

3. Create a Study Plan

Creating a well-structured study plan lays the foundation for a strong score on exam day. The pre-dedicated and dedicated phases play unique roles in this plan, each offering its own set of strategies and priorities to ensure your readiness for test day.

Pre-Dedicated Study

The Pre-Dedicated phase is the groundwork for your Step 2 CK preparation. It typically spans several weeks, and its duration can vary depending on your individual needs. Your primary focus is on building a strong foundation of knowledge and honing your test-taking skills. 

This phase is the ideal time to review core clinical concepts and reinforce your understanding of high-yield topics. It’s also when you should identify your strengths and weaknesses to tailor your study strategy accordingly.

Tips on what to focus on during the pre-dedicated phase:

  • Content Review: Use this time to revisit key clinical concepts. Ensure you have a solid grasp of topics that are commonly tested on Step 2 CK, such as internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, and more.
  • Question Bank Familiarity: Begin working with your primary question bank, such as UWorld, but don’t rush through it. Focus on understanding the explanations and learning from your mistakes.
  • Self-Assessment: Take an initial practice test to gauge your baseline performance. This will help you identify areas that require more attention.
  • Study Schedule: Create a study schedule that outlines what you’ll study each day or week. It should be flexible enough to accommodate your individual pace and needs.
  • Resource Selection: Finalize your choice of study resources during this phase. Ensure that your resources align with your learning style and goals.

Dedicated Study

The dedicated phase is the intensive period leading up to your Step 2 CK exam. It should be around 4 weeks. This is when you’ll dive deep into focused preparation. Your main objective is to fine-tune your knowledge and test-taking skills.

This is when you’ll complete rigorous practice exams and simulated testing to mimic the real exam conditions. Time management and discipline are crucial during this period.

Tips on time management and areas of focus during the dedicated phase:

  • Full-Length Practice Exams: Incorporate full-length practice exams into your study routine. Take them in a simulated testing environment, ideally at the same time of day as your actual test.
  • Review Weak Areas: Concentrate on your weaker subjects and question types. Prioritize areas where you consistently make mistakes or feel less confident.
  • Simulated Testing: Dedicate some study sessions to full-length simulated testing. This helps improve your pacing and endurance for the actual exam.
  • Analyze Mistakes: After each practice exam, thoroughly analyze your mistakes. Understand why you got a question wrong and how you can avoid similar errors in the future.
  • Relaxation and Self-Care: Don’t neglect self-care during this intense period. Ensure you’re getting enough sleep, staying physically active, and managing stress effectively.
  • Final Review: In the last week leading up to the exam, focus on a final review of high-yield topics and key concepts. Avoid cramming, but reinforce what you’ve learned.

4. Take Several Practice Tests

Practice tests are invaluable tools in your Step 2 CK preparation. They offer a simulated experience of the actual exam, helping you gauge your readiness and fine-tune your strategy. 

Here’s a breakdown of which practice tests to consider and how often to incorporate them into your study plan:

Baseline Assessment

Ideally, take a practice test before you commence intensive study. This serves as your baseline assessment, revealing your initial strengths and areas that require improvement.

Recommended Test: The UWorld Self-Assessment Exam is an excellent choice for your initial assessment. It’s an accurate reflection of the Step 2 CK exam and can help you identify your starting point.

Midway Through Your Preparation

Approximately midway through your dedicated study period, consider taking another practice test. This allows you to track your progress and identify any areas that still need attention.

Recommended Test: The NBME (National Board of Medical Examiners) offers self-assessments for Step 2 CK. They are very reliable indicators of your performance and can help you make necessary adjustments to your study plan.

Final Assessment

As you approach your exam date, take a final practice test to ensure you are fully prepared. This should be done in the last week or two of your dedicated study period.

Recommended Test: UWorld’s Self-Assessment Exam is a good choice for your final assessment. It provides a realistic exam-day experience and helps build confidence. It can also boost your confidence by showing you how much you’ve improved since you took the same exam as your baseline assessment. 

5. Follow These 8 Study Tips

When it comes to preparing for the Step 2 CK exam, how you study is just as important as what you study. 

Here are the top 8 study tips I recommend to help you make the most of your preparation:

  • Diversify your study approach: Split your study time between topic review, flashcard review, practicing questions, and taking practice tests. This well-rounded approach ensures a comprehensive understanding of the material.
  • Get the timing right: Plan to focus solely on review during the week leading up to your exam. This concentrated effort can help consolidate your knowledge and build confidence.
  • Optimize your study space: Create a dedicated and distraction-free study environment. A well-organized space enhances focus and productivity.
  • Integrate learning with clerkships: Utilize your Year 3 clerkships as an opportunity to study concurrently. Step 2 CK primarily tests clinical knowledge, so integrating your learning during clerkships can be highly beneficial.
  • Consider tutoring: Hiring a tutor can provide personalized guidance, clarify doubts, and offer effective strategies for tackling the exam. 
  • Take breaks: Don’t forget to give yourself well-deserved days off, even during the dedicated study period. Regular breaks help prevent burnout and maintain motivation.
  • Prioritize health: Physical and mental well-being are paramount. Maintain a healthy lifestyle, exercise, and practice stress-relief techniques to ensure optimal performance.
  • Reward yourself: Consider planning a treat for yourself after the exam as a motivational incentive. It can serve as a reminder of the light at the end of the tunnel.

The Best 5 USMLE Step 2 CK Study Resources

To excel on the Step 2 exam, you need the right study resources. Using a combination of these resources can provide a well-rounded and effective approach to Step 2 CK preparation. 

Here are the best 5 study resources to help you succeed in your Step 2 CK journey:

  • UWorld: Widely regarded as the gold standard, UWorld’s question bank is a must-have resource for Step 2 CK preparation. It offers a vast array of high-yield questions and detailed explanations.
  • MedSchoolCoach USMLE Step 2 CK Tutoring: Personalized tutoring can provide valuable guidance and insights, helping you focus on your weak points and improve your test-taking strategies.
  • AMBOSS: This comprehensive study resource offers a question bank, knowledge library, and interactive case simulations. It’s known for its detailed content and helpful explanations.
  • Anki: Anki flashcards are a popular tool for spaced repetition, allowing you to reinforce your memory of key concepts and facts.
  • NBME Practice Exams: The National Board of Medical Examiners offers practice exams that closely mimic the actual Step 2 CK test. These can help you gauge your readiness and track your progress.


USMLE Step 2 CK difficulty varies for each individual, but it is generally considered easier to prepare for than Step 1.

UWorld is a valuable resource for Step 2 CK preparation, but I recommend supplementing it with other study materials and resources to ensure comprehensive exam readiness.

The amount of time recommended for USMLE Step 2 CK study typically ranges from 4 to 12 weeks, depending on individual learning pace and prior preparation.

The number of hours you should study for Step 2 CK per day can vary, but many students aim for 6-8 hours to maintain a balanced study routine. Adjust the duration to your individual needs and capabilities.

USMLE Step 2 CK assesses clinical knowledge in various subjects, including internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, OB/GYN, psychiatry, first aid, and other clinical areas relevant to patient care.

USMLE Step 2 Clinical Skills (CS) was one of the exams medical students and graduates needed to pass. However, USMLE Step 2 CS was permanently discontinued in January 2021 due to a combination of challenges and restrictions imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as ongoing critiques of the exam’s effectiveness, relevance, and value in the medical licensure process. 

The official Step 2 exam is still referred to as USMLE Step 2 CK, although there is no longer a CS exam and no plans for its return.

Hire an Experienced USMLE Step 2 Tutor

Looking to conquer the USMLE Step 2 CK and reflect a high score on your residency application? It’s not just about studying harder; it’s about studying smarter. 

Partnering with an experienced USMLE Step 2 Tutor from MedSchoolCoach is one way to guarantee you’re on the right path to your dream residency program. 

Before joining MedSchoolCoach, our tutors undergo one of the most rigorous selection processes in the country, ensuring you receive the best guidance possible.

Our tutors are not just ordinary educators; they are 260+ scorers on Step 2 CK who have mastered every facet of this critical exam. They understand each question and will guide you on how to approach the test strategically.

Our students, through the power of personalized, comprehensive tutoring, have increased their scores by an average of 35 points. This is not just a statistic; it’s a testament to the transformative impact our tutors can have on your performance.

If you’re ready to take your Step 2 journey to the next level, work with our expert tutors. Score higher, aim for the best, and achieve your dreams with MedSchoolCoach.
Picture of Joel Ramirez MD

Joel Ramirez MD

Dr. Ramirez is an integrated vascular surgery resident at UCSF who is passionate about teaching and tutoring for several board exams. He has served on the University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine admissions committee and is committed to being a leader in medical education.

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