The two layers of Jung’s unconscious are the:
a) Personal and collective unconscious.
b) Private and public unconscious.
c) Personal and shared unconscious.
d) Private and collective unconscious.
A is correct. Carl Jung was a psychiatrist who developed a new branch of psychoanalytic theory called analytical psychology. Jung outlined an unconscious with two layers, deviating from Freud’s single layered unconscious. These two layers are called the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. Answer choices B, C, and D are incorrect because “private,” “public,” and “shared” are not the correct terminology that Jung used to define his bilayered unconscious.
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Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who made profound contributions to the field of psychology through his development of Analytical Psychology. Jung’s groundbreaking theories challenged the prevailing notions of his time and delved into the realms of the unconscious mind and the collective unconscious. Drawing upon his extensive knowledge of mythology, religion, and philosophy, Jung explored the depths of human psyche, emphasizing the significance of dreams, symbols, and archetypes in understanding the human experience. Analytical Psychology, with its emphasis on individuation and the integration of conscious and unconscious aspects of the self, continues to shape modern psychology and has influenced various fields, including art, literature, and spirituality. This introduction serves as a glimpse into the life and work of Carl Jung, a pioneer in the realm of psychological exploration, with a specific focus on what you need to know about Jung for the MCAT.
In this lesson, we go over an individual, other than Freud, who had a significant impact on the psychoanalytic theory of personality. This individual was Carl Jung. He was a psychiatrist who was heavily influenced by Freud. In fact, Jung and Freud actually collaborated a lot until a disagreement led Jung to develop his own approach that he called analytical psychology.
Jung disagreed with Freud’s belief that a person’s libido was the most important factor for their personality development. As a result, Jung shifted the focus from libido to the unconscious, proposing that the unconscious consists of two layers. The first layer, the personal unconscious, was the same as what Freud described as the unconscious. This layer contains the memories and emotional conflicts that a person is not consciously aware of. The second layer was the collective unconscious. From the names, you can tell a bit about the difference between them. The personal unconscious is specific to the individual, whereas the collective unconscious is shared by all humans. According to Jung, the collective unconscious contains all the memories inherited from our ancestors. Jung called these ancestral memories archetypes, and he believed that these archetypes had universal meaning. As an example, the circle archetype means “unified wholeness of the self.” Jung used these archetypes when he used his dream analysis technique with his patients. He believed that by looking for these archetypes would help tell him about the unconscious of the patients.
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